Your body stores unused energy (kilojoules) as body fat. To maintain a healthy weight, you need to use (or ‘burn’) the energy from the foods you eat. If you eat more than you use, your body will store the extra energy as fat.
Factors that may cause children to become overweight and obese include:
- Food choices – such as choosing high fat and sugary foods instead of healthier options.
- Lack of physical activity –Indian children are less active than they were in the past.
- Spending a lot of time on sedentary pursuits – Indian children watch, on average, around 2½ hours of television a day, as well as spending time using computers and other electronic games. It seems that these pastimes are replacing active ones.
- Genetics – some rare gene disorders cause severe childhood obesity. In many other people, particular genes acting together probably make some children more susceptible to obesity. If there is a family tendency to become overweight, parents need to be even more aware of making healthy food choices for the whole family.